In 2007, Romania and Bulgaria joined the European Union. Consequently, the citizens from these countries have the right of every European citizen to move freely across borders.Â In 2007, Romania and Bulgaria joined the European Union. Consequently, the citizens from these countries have the right of every European citizen to move freely across borders. In France, among other countries, their access to the job market was restricted by the so-called â€žtransitory regimeâ€œ until end of 2013. These restrictions lead to a vicious circle in which the poorest of the poor fail to take an active part in the society they live in.
In 2011, the city of Lyon launched a pilot program that aims to facilitate the integration of Romanians from the Roma community. The program is called Andatu â€žfor youâ€œ in Romani. It follows a logic of integration around three axes: the participants must have access to accommodation, education and the job market to be able to fully integrate.
Since December 2011, 400 Roma have taken part in the program. In a one-year contract with the NGO Forum refugies-Cosi. the participants commit to "attending daily French lessons, to actively seek a job, to send their children to school and to not involve themselves in illegal activities."